Science and Technology
- Understanding Life Systems
- Understanding Matter and Energy
- Preparing Your Family and Pets for an Emergency
- 50 minutes
Compare what people need to live with the things pets need to live. Consider and explore how people and their pets can be ready for emergency situations by preparing emergency survival kits.
The Grade One learners will:
- Investigate and compare the basic needs of humans and other living things, including the need for air, water, food, warmth, and space, using a variety of methods and resources
- Describe how the everyday lives of different people and other living things would be affected if electrical energy were no longer available
a) Learners – Required Prior Learning
- Students need to have completed the Emergency Worker lesson that is part of this unit
b) Learning Environment
- The students will sit on the floor/carpet for the lesson/discussion
- The students will complete the assignment at a desk/table
- Blackboard or whiteboard, chalk or markers
- Complete family emergency survival kit (list of contents available at www.ontario.ca/beprepared)
- Complete dog or cat emergency survival kit (list of contents available at www.ontario.ca/beprepared)
- Variety of pictures for living and non-living things (Ex. rock, horse, ball, cookie, cat, fish, chair, bird) or the Is It Alive? worksheet (attached)
- Copies of Emergency Management Ontario’s Emergency Survival Kit Card Game (one copy, pre-cut for every group of four students available at http://www.emergencymanagementontario.ca/english/kids/kids.html)
- Copy of Preparing For Emergencies worksheet (attached)
- Hand written labels “Pet Emergency Survival Kit” and “Family Emergency Survival Kit”
- Optional: Books or Photos of the following types of natural emergencies:
- (Severe) Thunderstorm (Severe) Snowstorm
- Tornado Flood
Introduction to the basic needs of people and pets
b) Establishing the Learning
Identification of things people need in order to live
Identification of things pets need in order to survive
Comparison of the basic needs of people and pets
Identification of where we use electricity
Recognition that power failures can affect our ability to get food and water and stay warm.
Identification of natural emergencies that can cause power outages
Recognition of the need for a family emergency survival kit
Identification of items in a family emergency survival kit
Recognition of the need for a pet emergency survival kit
Identification of items in a pet emergency survival kit
Comparison of what is the same in the two kits
Explain that today they will be thinking about what people and pets need in order to stay alive.
Show the students pictures of various living and non-living things, or use the pictures from the Is It Alive? Worksheet.
Ask the students if the object is alive or is not alive.
Correct any incorrect answers.
Explain to the students that if something is alive is has to:
Ask the students to tell you what people need to have in order to stay alive. Using a blackboard or whiteboard, record the students’ answers. (May have to clarify need versus want).
Ask the students whether they have any pets. Ask a few students what kind of pet(s) they have. Ask the students what pets need to stay alive. On a different part of the blackboard or whiteboard, record the students’ answers. (May have to clarify need versus want).
Post the list of what people need to stay alive next to the list of what pets need to stay alive, and ask the students what is the same. Circle items that are the same. Explain that people and pets both need air, water, food and warmth in order to survive.
Explain that we use electricity every day and it helps us meet our basic needs and those of our pets. Ask the students to think of their homes and what requires electricity to work (oven, refrigerator, furnace, freezer, air conditioner, some water pumps, etc.) and write these down.
Explain that if there is no electricity, then we are not able to cook food using the oven and we cannot turn on a furnace to stay warm.
Ask students to think back to the previous lesson and ask them what the four natural emergencies were. Provide the students with hints if they are unsure (severe thunderstorm, severe snowstorm, tornado and flood). Explain that these are natural emergencies that can happen in Ontario. Show the photos of the various emergencies, if necessary.
Explain that high winds, ice on power lines, lightning and water can cause power outages.
Take out a complete emergency survival kit and explain that every family should have one of these in case of an emergency because it contains all of the things that a family needs to stay safe and comfortable in an emergency situation, such as a power outage.
Select one student at a time to come up and choose an object out of the bag to explain why that object is needed. Place each object on table labelled “Family Emergency Survival Kit”.
Point out that the kit has food, water and blankets for warmth - all things that people need to stay alive.
Take out a complete pet emergency survival kit (for dog or cat) and explain that every family with a pet should have one of these in case of an emergency. We need to make sure that our pets are safe and comfortable in an emergency situation as well.
Select one student at a time to come up and choose an object out of the bag to explain why that object is needed. Place each object on the table labelled “Pet Emergency Survival Kit”.
Point out that the pet kit, like the family kit, has food, water and blankets for warmth – all things that pets need to stay alive.
Ask the students to identify which items are the same in both kits (water, food, blankets, toys, etc.). Keep this general. Yes, dog food is different than people food, but both are food.
Consolidation of Learning
Game: Emergency Survival Kit Card Game
Divide the class into groups of four and provide each group with a set of cards. Demonstrate how to play the game by playing a couple of turns with three other students for the rest of the class to see. Allow the students to play the game for 10 minutes.
Hand out the Preparing for Emergencies worksheet. On the front of the sheet the students are to draw pictures of the things that people/families need to stay alive on one side and the things that pets need to stay alive on the other. When they have completed their drawings on both sides of the line, ask the students to circle all the things that both people and pets need in order to stay alive (food, water, etc.).
On the back of the sheet, the students are to draw a picture that shows what can happen if there is a power outage that lasts awhile. Include ideas about how it will affect people and pets.
Encourage students to try and write the name of what they are drawing beneath it.
While the students are working, visit each student to observe their work and make note of anyone having difficulty with the assignment.
Assignments should be collected at the end of the class and evaluated using the attached rubric.
Additional Related Activities
- Have a pretend blackout in the classroom and talk about how you would use what is in an emergency survival kit to stay safe and comfortable
- Invite a veterinarian into the classroom to speak about the basic needs of pets