The Emergency Management and Civil Protection Act establishes the province’s legal basis and framework for managing emergencies. It does this by defining the authority, responsibilities and safeguards accorded to provincial ministries, municipalities and specific individual appointments, such as the Commissioner of Emergency Management.
The overall legal framework for emergency management in Ontario is addressed primarily in the Act, which along with powers contained in other ministry-specific legislation allows the government to take necessary steps to deal with a provincial emergency. The purpose of the legislation is to promote the public good by protecting the health, safety and welfare of the people of Ontario in times of emergencies.
Ontario Regulation 380/04 establishes the minimum standards for emergency management programs required by municipalities and provincial ministries and supports the requirement in the Act for mandatory emergency management programs.